The BBC explains through graphics the recent migrant influx.
Not surprisingly, Germany absorbed the most migrants, as its aging population means that the country is desperate for workers to maintain productivity. Hungary faced the highest migrant inflows in Europe on a per capita basis: more than 1,000 migrants per population of 100,000.
Syrians became the number one nationality fleeing their homes, due to the four year civil war that shows no signs of abating.
An estimated 3,695 people have died making the voyage across the Mediterranean to Europe.